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Are human beings polygamous or monogamous?

A lot of debates and doubts have been created around this question; the approach is whether or not human beings are polygamous or monogamous.

We will begin with defining each concept:

Polygamy: Kind of marriage or relationship in which to be married or have love/sexual relationships with others is allowed. This kind of relationship will become considered as an unfaithful relationship if one of the members does not accept that they can have other love or sexual relationships with others.

Monogamy: This concept refers to the sexual and emotional that can be shared exclusively with one person. A kind of relationship which is shared with that person and that can last a whole life. A totally faithful relationship.

These two definitions can be applied also to the animal world.

Surely, you, as a reader, will already have answered that question. This answer will vary depending on the way of being of each one and the type of relationship he or she wants to have.

If we are in a murky relationship in which we know there have been some infidelities from your partner or yourself, you may think that humans are polygamous.

In contrast, if we are sharing a faithful relationship in which the only problem is arguments, we may think humans are monogamous.

However, according to the vast majority of studies related with that issue, human beings are the few species who are defined as faithful. Actually, 5 % of species are truly faithful. That we are inside this 5 % of faithful species is because primates are also monogamous and we descend from them.

In fact, in nature, monogamy seems to be the “weird thing to be” and the polygamy is the “normal thing to be”. What makes a human being monogamous or polygamous is depending on various neurotransmitters such as dopamine or the vasopressin. The most known is the dopamine, you may have heard or read that word, it is the responsible to make us feel the love’s sensation. But dopamine does not only creates that love sensation but it also brings pleasure when we do exercise a part from the sensation we get from taking a drug and many other sensations.

On the other hand, vasopressin is related with the blood pressure a par from other things. So then, she is encharged of speed up the heart’s pulsations when we feel something for someone else.

All this is what influence us to feel more or less for that person. This can be a factor for someone to be unfaithful. If we do not meet anyone who awakes us this feeling a part from your couple then it will be more difficult to make an infidelity.

Nowadays, things have changed through time. Centuries ago, in some cultures, a couple was meant to get married and stay together till death. Nowadays, this has changed in some cultures. That is why we desire to live new adventures.

A marriage, have children, the mortgage and many other things in common do not longer guarantee a couple for the rest of your life. In fact, a lot of affairs happen when you are married. In short, polygamy is imposing over monogamy more frequently proving that human being is not truly 100% in that percentage of monogamous species.

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In this time of crisis that we have been dragging, and with the great fall that the tax collection has suffered, which has caused debates on the sustainability of our pension system and its reform, the financing deficit of the autonomous communities and municipalities have derived in an asphyxiating fiscal pressure. Thus, the debate on the legalization of prostitution.

To illustrate the situation better, we will see the numbers that the prostitution sector manages. The estimated amount of this is 3.500 million euros per year, which represents 0.35% of the national GDP. To give you an idea, this supposes a volume similar to the footwear industry in Spain or to the contribution of the city of Malaga.

Have in mind that in Spain there are about 100,000 escorts, although only 20% of these escorts girls are Spanish. It is estimated that 39% of Spaniards have paid for having sex ever, with an average annual expenditure of 1,530 euros. That is, we spend much more on sex than on car insurance, buying fruit or vegetables. The 66% of the escorts girls practice in a brothel, to compare with the remaining 33%, that does it in the street.

To end with this battery of data, only 5% are luxury escorts. Now is when the question arises, should we regulate the sector? This is one of the largest money movements in the country, which could contribute to the desired increase in tax collection.

Why is it legal to sell tobacco if it generates thousands of deaths and illnesses a year, spending millions of euros on campaigns to stop smoking and generates a huge expenditure on public health? The tax reason seems enough to allow it to be legal to smoke. Now we come to see, briefly, the Dutch model, where prostitution was legalized in the year 2000 and already have extensive experience.

In the Netherlands, the sector moves the 2,500 million euros, that is to say to 0.4% of the GDP, surpassing to the mythical Dutch cheese sector. The legalization of prostitution was coming at the same time than laws against sexual abuse and protection of minors. Prostitution has been banned on the streets and can only be done in rooms equipped for this purpose, each escort girl has to pay for private health insurance, like any Dutch worker. As taxes are paid for this activity, the system is controlled through a licensing system, and final regulation is given to the cities. At the sametime than this legalization, any means of sexual exploitation is considered an offense punishable by imprisonment and the legal age for engaging in prostitution was raised from 18 to 21.

Clubs, escorts girls' agencies, X rooms, couples bars, or prostitution in private homes are allowed and regulated by a licensing system, and only in 13 Dutch cities are the famous showcases allowed, such as the famous of the Red Light district of Amsterdam.

Any companion has the right for social and health care and even to participate in a program of social reintegration for those who want to abandon prostitution, and municipalities are obliged to guarantee these rights as issuers of the corresponding licenses.

With all these data and comparing the two models, you can see the similarity of figures between countries, but while in Holland they contribute as another sector and are protected by law, having the right to social benefits and pensions, in Spain, escorts and prostitutes are left in the helplessness and at the mercy of mafias and sexual exploiters.

For all this, it would be useful to reflect deeply on whether the legalization of the sector is more convenient for all. .